Associate Professor Nor'Azim Mohd Yunos

Contact Details

Tel: +607 219 0600  ext:640
Fax: +607 219 0601

Profile Summary

Dr Nor'azim Mohd Yunos is Associate Professor (Practice) in Intensive Care and Deputy Head (Research) of the Clinical School Johor Bahru. He is also an Academic Coordinator of the Bachelor of Medical Science (Honours) program.

Nor’azim is an intensivist with research interest in fluids, electrolytes and acid-base in the critically ill; and has highly cited publications in these areas. He has also been active in Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) teaching, with regular involvement as facilitator in local and regional EBM workshops. He is also part of a Monash team that promotes Patient Safety to medical undergraduates and junior doctors.

Link to Nor’azim Mohd Yunos’s publications can be found at ORCID:


MBBS (Mal), M Anaes (Mal), EDIC, GradCertHigherEd(Monash), PhD (Monash)

Research Interests

  • Intravenous fluids and biochemical homeostasis in the critically ill
  • Sepsis in the tropics, including dengue
  • Patient Safety


Yunos NM, Bellomo R, Taylor DM, Judkins S, Kerr F, Sutcliffe H, Hegarty C, Bailey M. Renal effects of an emergency department chloride-restrictive intravenous fluid strategy in patients admitted to hospital for more than 48 hours. Emerg Med Australas 2017; doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12821 (early view)

Atan, R., Krogh, K., Yunos, N. M., Sood, S. and Nestel, D. (2017) Transport of the critically ill patient: Developing safe practices, in Healthcare Simulation Education: Evidence, Theory and Practice (eds D. Nestel, M. Kelly, B. Jolly and M. Watson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119061656.ch26

Glassford NJ, Mårtensson J, Eastwood GM, Jones SL, Tanaka A,Wilkman E, Bailey M, Bellomo R, for the GLobal OBservational Evaluations in the ICU (GLOBE-ICU) investigators. GLOBE-ICU participating investigators, Arabi Y, Bagshaw SM, Bannard-Smith J, Bin D, Dubin A, Duranteau J, Echeverri J, Hoste E, Joannidis M, Kashani K, Kellum J, Kulkarni AP, Landoni G, Candal CL, Matejovic M, Yunos NM , Nichol A, van Straaten HO, Perner A, Pettila V, Phua J, Hernandez G, Puxty A, Reinhart K, Richards G, Schneider A, Tsuji I, Uchino S. Defining the characteristics and expectations of fluid bolus therapy: A worldwide perspective. Journal of Critical Care 2016 (35): 126–132

Yunos NM,  Bellomo R, Glassford N, Sutcliffe H, Lam Q, Bailey M. Chloride-liberal vs. chloride-restrictive intravenous fluid administration and acute kidney injury: an extended analysis. Intensive Care Med 2015, 41(2): 257-264.

Atan R, Yunos NM, Sood S, Pillai NK, Nestel D (2014). Transport of the critically ill patient for pre-interns: A simulation-based module. In A. Fisher (Ed.), Australasian Simulation Congress 2014 Proceedings (24-25). Australia: Simulation Australia.

Yunos NM, Bellomo R. Letter: Chloride-restrictive fluid administration and incidence of acute kidney injury. JAMA 2013;309 (6):543-544

Yunos NM, Bellomo R, Hegarty C, Story D, Ho L, Bailey M.
Association between a chloride-liberal vs. chloride-restrictive intravenous fluid administration strategy and kidney injury in critically ill adults. JAMA 2012; 308 (15):1566-1572

Yunos NM, Bellomo R. Letter: Modern medicine is a good goal to seek. Crit Care Med 2012; 40(4):1395

Young P, Beasley R, Bailey M, Bellomo R, Eastwood GM, Nichol A, Pilcher D, Yunos NM, Egi M, Hart GK, Reade MC, Cooper DJ, for the Study of Oxygen in Critical Care (SOCC) Group.
The Association Between Early Arterial Oxygenation and Mortality in Ventilated Patients with Acute Ischaemic Stroke.
Crit Care Resusc 2012;14(1):14-19

Yunos NM, Kim IB, Bellomo R, Bailey M, Story D, Ho L, Gutteridge GA, Hart GK. The Biochemical Effects of Restricting Chloride-Rich Fluids in Intensive Care ( NCT 00885404) Crit Care Med 2011;39(11):2419-2424

Yunos NM, Bellomo R, Story D, Kellum J. Bench-to-bedside review: Chloride in critical illnes. Crit Care 2010;14:26

Nor’azim Mohd Yunos. Septic Shock: A Heart Breaking Story. Malaysian Society of Anaesthesiologists Year Book 2007/8

R Atan, N Azim. Management of the patient with multiple injuries. CPD Anaesthesia, 2006; 8(2): 68-77

Azim N, Wang CY. The use of bispectral index during a cardiopulmonary arrest: a potential cerebral perfusion predictor. Anaesthesia 2004; 59: 610- 612                  

Azim N, Chan L, Vijayan R, Sim DS. Evaluation of Performance of Propofol Target Controlled Infusion System (Diprifusor) in Malaysian Patients. ASEAN Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003; 4 (2): 75-80.
Azim N, Rajan G, Ismail SM , Rahman ZAA, Prepageran N. Acute Upper Airway Obstruction and Severe Hypertension in an Elderly Patient. ASEAN Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003; 4 (2): 37-42

Video Publications

Atan, R., Smith, G., Mohd Yunos, N., Sood, S., Pillai, N. K., & Nestel, D. (2017, February 1). Transport of the critically ill patient: Equipment preparation [Video file]. Retrieved from

Atan, R., Smith, G., Mohd Yunos, N., Sood, S., Pillai, N. K., & Nestel, D. (2017, February 1). Transport of the critically ill patient: Patient preparation [Video file]. Retrieved from